Patients

Your anesthesiologist takes several factors into account when recommending the type of anesthesia. Some of those factors include the type of surgery or non-operative procedure being performed and your medical history. These types of anesthesia are not always clearly defined, and patients may progress from one level of sedation/anesthesia to a lighter or deeper level during the procedure. For this reason, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) considers anesthesia a continuum, from light sedation to general anesthesia.

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“Anesthesia Care Team”
Most anesthetics administered in Pennsylvania are provided using an “Anesthesia Care Team” model, with the anesthesiologist serving as the “director” of the anesthesia care team. Prior to surgery the anesthesiologist evaluates the patients’ current state of health and is responsible for designing the anesthesia plan taking into account the patient’s condition and the nature of the surgery.

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Anesthesiologists

Dear PSA Members,

It has come to my attention and to that of the PSA Board that many of you as a result of your hospital and health organization affiliations, are experiencing difficulties, requirements or questions regarding administration of narcotics in daily standard OR use. We at PSA will be developing a stance on this on March 18. The language of the law appears clear by interpretation of PSA legal counsel that OR and in-patient narcotic orders do not require a data base query. If you have any questions or concerns regarding this matter and your institution, please feel free to contact PSA. We will attempt to address your concerns to the best of our abilities at this time. 

Thank you,

Bhaskar Deb

President, PSA


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Physicians

The choice of anesthetic or sedation is made by a physician taking into account various factors, including but not limited to the procedure being performed and the general medical condition of the patient. General anesthesia may be administered by an anesthesiologist, a nurse anesthetist under the direct supervision of a physician, preferably an anesthesiologist, or in some states by an anesthesiologist’s assistant under the direct supervision of an anesthesiologist. 

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The Anesthesiologist’s Expanding Role
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released a January 2011 update to their Interpretive Guidelines for the Anesthesia Services Condition of Participation for Hospitals. As a result anesthesiologists have assumed a leadership role in developing and implementing medical staff rules and regulations (bylaws) that define the qualifications and supervision requirements for many “categories of practitioners”, such as those providers performing “Moderate Sedation”, “Deep Sedation” or obstetrical “analgesia” services. 

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